Biomass is one of the sources of energy that is carbon neutral. Biomass energy results from the conversion of animal and plant organic matter. Biomass energy is friendlier to the environment compared to other sources of energy such as fossil fuel this is because it is carbon neutral. Cautious production of biomass results to no emission of carbon to the atmosphere maintaining the recommended amount of carbon dioxide in the air. Minimal production of sulfur which results to acid rain is another benefit that comes with the biomass energy Promoting the use of biomass energy will ensure that carbon and sulfur are not released in the atmosphere as in the case of other sources such as fossil fuel.
Biomass conversion can be achieved through co-firing or gasification. Cofiring refers to the direct combustion of biomass and coal that results to production of energy. Cofiring method is encouraged than gasification because it results in production of very minimal amount of sulfur and carbon. Another method is gasification which involves the conversion of carbonaceous feedstock into energy in high-pressure conditions. Therefore the products that are obtained from the process of gasification goes through a series of steps to convert them to the user required.
Apart from carbon neutrality another benefit that comes with use of biomass is reduced amount of methane produced. The presence of methane in the atmosphere leads to global warming by destroying the ozone layer. Biomass production makes use of methane produced from the decomposition of animal and plant organic matter by converting it to energy. The large quantities of plant and animal was that are disposed of in landfill sites can be converted to energy before they are translated into hazardous carbon dioxide. Raw materials for biomass production can be easily found, and therefore its output is possible in many regions except for the desert areas. Biomass also produces power energy and therefore can be used to generate power in areas with insufficient resources.
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Regarding reliability, biomass is more stable as compared to solar that depends on sunlight and geothermal energy. It does not rely upon on the sun or wind making it applicable to many areas. To lessen the cost of energy required for power generation, businesses can convert their biomass wastes to energy.
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The waste from the plants and animals are taken to the pellet mills to convert them to forms that can be transformed to energy. A good pallet mills should be constructed in such a way that it can handle a broad spectrum of wastes. The efficiency and productivity of the pallet mill depends on the amount of moisture that is present in the raw material and the size of the particle.